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Parenteral dosage form

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INTRODUCTION

Parenteraldosageformsarethoseadministereddirectlyintobodytissuesratherthanviathealimentarycanal.“Parenteral”isderivedfromtheGreekwordspara(beside)andenteron(theintestine)andmostoftenreferstosubcutaneous(SC),intramuscular(IM),orintravenous(IV)administrationofdrugs.Parenteraldrugdeliverycanposesignificantrisktothepatientsincethenaturalbarriersofthebody(gut,skin,andmucousmembranes)arebypassed.Thehigheststandardsforqualityandpuritymustbemaintainedthroughoutdosageformmanufacturetoprotectthepatientfromphysical,chemical,andmicrobialcontaminants.Asinglecontaminatedvialoutofabatchofthousandscanseriouslyinjureapatient(orworse).Further,ifimproperorpooraseptictechniqueisusedwhileadministeringaninjectionthepatientcouldbesimilarlyharmed.Theminimumqualitystandardsforpharmaceuticalmanufacturersareexpressedinthecurrentgoodmanufacturingpractices(cGMPs),whichareconstantlyevolvingastechnologyadvances.Anequalburdenofresponsibilityisplacedonphysicians,pharmacists,nurses,andotherhealthprofessio…

Analytical Pharmacist Job: A Magnificent Career

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Analytical Pharmacist use a diverse range of methods to investigate the chemical nature of substances. The aim is to identify and understand the substance and how it behaves in different conditions. In the pharmaceutical industry, for example, you would be involved throughout the drug development process. This would include studying the physical or chemical properties of drug substances and formulations, with a view to determining the quality and stability of drug products.

Nuclear Pharmacist: Specialty area of pharmacy jobs

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Nuclear pharmacy is a specialty area of pharmacy practice dedicated to the compounding and dispensing of radioactive materials for use in nuclear medicine procedures.  A specialty area of pharmacy practice is one that requires a concentration of knowledge in a once specific area.  The development of nuclear pharmacy as a specialty area followed the development of nuclear medicine as a recognized specialty by the American Medical Association in the early 1970's.
As nuclear medicine procedures became more widely used, the need for someone to prepare the labeled products for administration to the patients became more evident.   As a result, in the early 1970's, the concept of centralized nuclear pharmacies was born. 

Pharmacokinetic Scientists jobs: Pharmaceutical Career Guide

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Pharmacokinetics of a drug depends on patient-related factors as well as on the drug’s chemical properties. Some patient-related factors (eg, renal function, genetic makeup, sex, age) can be used to predict the pharmacokinetic parameters in populations.
Pharmacokinetic Scientists helps prescribers adjust dosage more accurately and rapidly. Application of pharmacokinetic principles to individualize pharmacotherapy is termed therapeutic drug monitoring.

Clinical Research and Medical Jobs: Pharmaceutical career path

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A variety of medical and scientific specialists at pharma companies perform the numerous studies required to take clinical compounds from the lab bench to the pharmacy shelf. Physicians with director or VP titles head up a pharma company's therapeutic divisions and are responsible for ensuring drug safety and for keeping development programs on track. MDs and sometimes PhDs or PharmDs are responsible for drawing up a particular product's overall clinical development plan, which is a strategic and tactical document that lays out the studies a company intends to perform before it applies for marketing approval. They also write or contribute to clinical trial protocols, the instructions for an investigator describing the objectives, design, and methodology of a clinical trial. 

Clinical Trials:
Once the plans are approved by regulatory authorities, clinical research associates (CRAs) take over the nitty-gritty of working with investigators to conduct clinical trials. Depending on t…

Pharmaceutical Research Scientist Job: Career Overview

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Pharmaceuticals is one of the world's most profitable industries. During the last 30 years, the industry has spent billions of dollars on research and reaped billions in return. In 2008 alone, the pharmaceutical industry sold $773 billion in products worldwide-a number that has consistently grown for the past 8 years and is projected to increase again by 2.5 to 3.5 percent in 2009, according to the drug market research firm IMS Health. 



The arduous drug approval process reveals a central fact about Big Pharma: it's one of the most intensely regulated industries in the world. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and its European Union counterpart, the European Medicines Agency (EMEA), govern every aspect of a drug's development-from chemicals used in the drug and clinical study instructions, called protocols, to packaging components and marketing materials. This strict oversight is meant to protect patient safety, and pharma companies take regulatory oversight serious…

Tips To Prepare for Your Job in Pharmacy

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Pharmacy schools are graduating more students than ever before, preparing the next generation of health care professionals to tackle patient care in an evolving health care landscape.

But are these students ready for their first pharmacy position when they leave school?

To answer that question, the board of directors of the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) teamed up with the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) to create a joint task force to determine the skills expected of new PharmD graduates.

Pharma PCD Distributor: Marketing consultant career

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Propaganda cum Distribution or PCD pharma company are involved in PCD as their marketing strategy. 
Every individual who wants to run franchise business should understand the features and structure of pharma PCD Company if they are willing to grow in this niche. PCD is Propaganda-cum-Distributor and any person can attain this status by signing right agreements with the manufacturers or suppliers of medicines. In India, number of PCD franchise has increased significantly in past years. There are many roles played by PCD companies, which you must understand before signing the agreements with the suppliers. Role of PCD company PCD companies play significant role in the healthcare distribution system since big brands have certain numbers of penetration in urban and developed centers of the country.

Pharma Digital Marketing Jobs: Renovated Career

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Pharma companies due to stiff competition are finding new techniques to be a step ahead from the competitors. In recent study it was found that the pharma sector invests more amounts inpharma digital marketingthan what they do in research of medicines.
What Is Digital Marketing? As the name suggests digital marketing is the medium through which marketing is done through internet, mobile app, blogs and etc. This is the newest form of marketing and with its success it won’t be wrong to say that it will stay here for long. What Is Pharma Digital Marketing? It is simply the term used for those pharma products which are being marketed through digital form of marketing. Many pharma companies have their official websites through which they advertise their products. They have some group of specialist in the field of pharma industry that writes blogs on their sites so that people can understand the benefits of the products sold by that particular company.

Your Pharmacovigilance Career

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Pharmacovigilance is the process of collecting, monitoring, researching, assessing and evaluating information from healthcare providers and patients on the adverse effects of medications to ensure that drugs on the market are safe for patients and to identify new hazards associated with the medication. If you are beginning your career in pharmacovigiance and your career goals are to work in risk management, the type of company that you start your career with can have a big impact on your ability to progress further down the line. If you do find yourself in a job with few opportunities, it might be time for you to consider moving to another company that will enable you to gain the necessary skills and experience that you will need to progress. This might seem like a sideways move at first, but in the long term it will open greater opportunities for you.


Find Job in Pharmacovigilance:Click Here Working in pharmacovigilance case processing roles at the following types of companies will off…

Internet pharmacy store Jobs: Digital Career

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An online pharmacyInternet pharmacy, or mail-order pharmacy is a pharmacy that operate over the Internet and sends the orders to customers through the mail or shipping companies.
Online pharmacies might include:
Pharmacy benefit manager – A large administrator of corporate prescription drug plansLegitimate Internet pharmacy in the same country as the person ordering.Legitimate Internet pharmacy in a different country than the person ordering. This pharmacy usually is licensed by its home country and follows those regulations, not those of the international orders.

Spacecraft Station Pharmacist: Versatility in Carrer

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The possible use of nanoparticles to treat osteoporosis has been tested during the recent Italian mission Futura on the ISS. The project coordinator, Livia Visai, tells  about this challenging experience and the future steps of sperimentation.

It was just one year ago when the SpX-CRS-6 spacecraft was launched – on April 14, 2015 – from the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) to the International Space Station (ISS) carrying on board a very precious load for the Italian team of scientists coordinated by biologist Livia Visai of the University of Pavia. The Nanoparticles and Osteoporosis (NATO) experiment has been designed to test nano-based countermeasures for treatment of microgravity-induced osteoporosis, a condition typically affecting crew members during spaceflight.